Regular verbs vs Irregular Verbs

Irregular Verbs

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Basics of English Grammar – Beginner Level

Lesson 12


What is the difference between regular and irregular verbs?

A regular verb follows a typical pattern in its conjugation. For example, verbs such as closelivewatchvisit and play are regular. They consistently take sed and ing in the simple presentpast simplepast participle and present participle. Check the following chart:
Infinitive Simple Present Simple Past Past participle Present Participle
close close(s) closed closed closing
live live(s) lived lived living
watch watch(es) watched watched watching
visit visit(s) visited visited visiting
play play(s) played played playing
Irregular verbs, on the other hand, don’t follow the above pattern. They are inconsistent in their conjugation. Their simple past and past participle forms have different endings. See the chart below.
Infinitive Simple Present Simple Past Past participle Present Participle
come come(s) came come coming
cut cut(s) cut cut cutting
do do(es) did done doing
go go(es) went gone going
speak speak(s) spoke spoken speaking
spend spend(s) spent spent spending
write write(s) wrote written writing

What are irregular verbs?

Regular verbs have ed at the end of the simple past and past participle forms:
Base verb + ed
Examples of regular verbs:
Infinitive Simple past Past participle
play played played
visit visited visited
work worked worked
In contrast to the above examples of regular verbs, irregular verbs are verbs which don’t follow the above pattern of conjugation.

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